Take the 2-minute tour ×
French Language Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for students, teachers, and linguists wanting to discuss the finer points of the French language. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I would like to know how and when to use "on", "nous", and "je" in a thesis for a master degree?

For example which one is more correct?

Dans ce chapitre, on va voir, …

Dans ce chapitre, nous allons voir, …

Ce chapitre présente les résultats que j'ai obtenu, …

If you have any reference that would be nice.

share|improve this question
    

2 Answers 2

up vote 3 down vote accepted

Let's make this useful distinction :

1) using on as a substitute for first plural person (nous)

Dépêche-toi, on va être en retard !

This is constantly used in oral casual contexts, but is clearly off-limits in a master degree! If you have to use nous as a polite way to say I in your thesis, like in your example (Dans ce chapitre, nous allons voir...), go for it and don't use on there. The possiblity to use first person in your work is, I guess, another subject.

2) using on to designate an undefined subject

On a sonné à la porte.

This is not only possible, it's the only way in some domains, like mathematics, as fkraiem pointed out in an earlier comment, but not only science. To give another example out of science, in philosophy there will be many times for the use of on (Peut-on rire de tout ? Doit-on craindre la mort ?).

share|improve this answer

En général il faut éviter d'utiliser des termes comme "on" car ils sont trop impersonnels alors que toi tu présentes ton travail. Dans ton cas, il serait préférable d'utiliser le "nous" à sa place. "Nous" comme formule de politesse. En présentation verbale, tu pourras utiliser la formule en "je" mais pas en écrit.

share|improve this answer
1  
Cela dépend peut-être des domaines... En mathématiques, on est de rigueur. –  fkraiem Jul 9 at 7:17

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.