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Il y a un an et demi que j'ai commencé à apprendre le français, mais pour moi c'est difficile de reconnaître et de mémoriser le genre des mots. Par exemple, « chaise » est féminin parce qu'il se termine avec un « e ».

Y a-t-il une méthode qui pourrait m'aider ?

In case my French is not good enough to transfer the idea, I want to know how is it possible to understand the gender of nouns in French language? For example, the word “chaise” (meaning chair) ends with e which means that it must be feminine. Are there other rules which could be helpful?

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Hi Rasoul, welcome to FL&U! I'm sorry but I think this particular question is too broad as there actually is no real method to memorize gender for nouns. That's why I voted to close it. – F'x Aug 20 '11 at 12:40
I don't think this question should be closed as its it one the the most important and recurring ones for people learning French. Even if the answer is 'no rule' it should be kept here otherwise the question will pop twice per week. – Shtong Aug 20 '11 at 12:54
Hi @F'x. thanks for your edit but I don't think this is a bad question. it can be very helpful. – Rasoul Zabihi Aug 20 '11 at 13:07

2 Answers 2

Je suis Anglais, et au début, c'était très difficile de me souvenir du genre de tout les mots. Honnêtement, parce que je n'ai jamais trouvé des règles sans exceptions, je vous conseille de :

  • Apprendre, avec chaque mot, le genre de ce mot aussi. Si on apprend le vocabulaire pour un contrôle, par exemple, ne pas éviter l’apprentissage des genres.
  • Si on a des amis français, demandez qu'ils vous corrigent sur chaque faute de genre (si j'ai fait une faute, corrigez-moi ici aussi).

Je pense qu'il n'y a pas de meilleure méthode. Après un peu de temps, je trouvais que je me souvenais de plus en plus des mots et de leur genre correctement.

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merci @Ninefingers de votre guide. je pense que à la première phrase, vous pouvez dire "je suis anglophone" aussi ;) – Rasoul Zabihi Aug 21 '11 at 6:25
@RasoulZabihi un anglophone désigne une personne qui parle anglais et non pas un Anglais. – chepseskaf Sep 6 '11 at 12:47

As you have noted, the most common way of doing it is to use suffixes, which sometimes indicate what gender nouns will have. You can easily find lists (with Google) such as this one which will give you suffixes and what gender they typically indicate. This second one actually includes the accuracy for each suffix, i.e. the percentage of exceptional cases.

If still undecided, other general rules can help you; though their efficiency may be better than a toss-up, they're far from foolproof. See here and there for such examples.

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