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In English we call a word originally from a foreign language a "borrowing" or "loanword". What is/are the French term(s) for words that came into French from another language?

Also, is there a word specific for words which came into French from English, such as "Anglicism"?

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Wikipedia is usually a good way of translating technical terms. Borrowing (en) → Loanword (en) → emprunt lexical (fr). –  Gilles Aug 25 '11 at 23:18
    
anglicisme!!! (just kidding) Maybe "mot d'emprunt"? –  Dave Aug 26 '11 at 0:34
    
The question title has been dumbed down and is no longer what I asked. I primarily wanted to know the French term for borrowing or loanword to use in question tags here. I wanted to know if there was a further more specific word for borrowings from English as a side question. –  hippietrail Aug 26 '11 at 7:21
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1 Answer

up vote 10 down vote accepted

One would say emprunter et emprunt for to borrow and borrowing / loanword. And anglicisme is the carbon-copy of anglicism.

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Am I correct to assume emprunt is the noun for either and emprunter is the verb to borrow? –  hippietrail Aug 25 '11 at 22:09
    
@hippietrail You are, I'll edit my answer to make it more obvious. –  Evpok Aug 25 '11 at 22:12
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And that's what the TLF says too, see for example the entry for sandwich: cnrtl.fr/etymologie/sandwich where it says "Empr. à l'angl. sandwich" ("Emprunté à l'anglais sandwich") –  Joubarc Aug 26 '11 at 7:08
    
Un emprunt, moi aussi je suis tout à fait d'accord @hippietrail. –  livresque Apr 9 '13 at 5:30
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