A literal translation of "pauvre" is poor. This could have at least two meanings 1) not rich, and 2) unfortunate.
I was told (and forget which is which) that if you place pauvre before the noun, it has one meaning, and if you place it after the noun, it has the other.
Example: l'homme pauvre and le pauvre homme.
Edit: Based on my current understanding, pauvre before homme means "unfortunate, and "pauvre" after homme means "not rich." Is this true?
Are there many other adjectives with dual meanings for which this is true? Could you give some EXAMPLES of how their meanings DIFFER when the adjective is placed before or after the noun.