In the sentence “Grégoire est content parce qu'il a son permis de conduire maintenant.”, would you use the word son? If not which article would you use, if at all?
- Anybody can ask a question
- Anybody can answer
- The best answers are voted up and rise to the top
Yes, that's correct. In your first example, one would use son as it's the right possessive determiner (son is for permis de conduire which is masculine singular).
On your second question, that's correct as well: it's totally ok to use the indicator of time in this case. It just adds more precision.
In that case, both son and le would be correct :
Even if you use le, the meaning of the sentence implies that it is Grégoire's one, it would be absurd if it was the driving licence of another person. And it is the same for the second sentence :
are correct if you are speaking about the fact that he passed the exam. If you are speaking about the paper proving the fact that he passed the exam, you'll use only "son". ("Grégoire est venu en bus, il n'a pas le permis ? — Si, mais arrivé à l'aéroport il s'est rendu compte qu'il avait oublié son permis chez lui et n'a pas pu louer de voiture.")