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I am going through an exercise in a book, which states:

Elle s'appelle Evelyne Deschamps. __ prénom est Évelyne. __ nom est Deschamps.

The blanks have to be filled with Sa or Son. Is do not understand how this works.

Should the pronouns correspond to the gender of the words nom and prénon (and, hence the right answer is Son) or should they correspond to the gender of the subject (and hence the right answer is sa)?

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The possessive adjective agrees with the gender of the noun, not with the gender of the possessor. See this web page for a detailed lesson on how possessive adjectives work in French. – Laure May 27 '14 at 15:27

The right answer is indeed "son" because we say "un nom" and "un prénom" no matter if they are used to speak about a male or a female. Sa (fem.) son (masc.) and ses (plu.) are called in french "Adjectif possesifs".

If in english we say :

"She walks her dog"

in french we will say :

"Elle promène son chien"

if the dog (chien) is a male or

"Elle promène sa chienne"

if the dog is a female.

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