I think that “ce” means “this” in English, right?
What does this sentence mean?
C'est un Italien.
Does it mean that “This is an Italian”?
Ce sont des Espagnoles.
Does this sentence mean: “Those are Spanish”?
Note: while I learned French for a couple years and hopefully have gotten a decent grasp of grammar, it's been a while since I learned French seriously and (as might be guessed) I'm not a native speaker (and do not have the proficiency of one).
If I remember correctly,
Thus, your translations of the sentences into English seems to be correct, although without a more specific context, I would be inclined to read the second as
(Also as a side note: as a native English speaker, I would say "this is an Italian", for instance in "This is an Italian. He takes the metro to work every morning and drinks espresso at lunch." While I might not say this much in normal conversation, I would probably use it at the very least in writing, perhaps to achieve a certain style.)
as a native French speaker I'll try to explain with more details the correct meanings and translations. Note that I'm not a native English speaker, so I cannot guarantee a 100% my translations :-)
means in english
In this case,
shoud be translated by
As an example,
should translated by something like
The construction is ce, plus a form of etre, "to be."
The third person singular construction is ce est, (he is), which contracts to C'est. C'est un Italien. He is an Italian.
The third person plural construction is Ce sont, (they are) with no contraction. Ce sont des Espagnoles. They are (some) Spaniards.
(Des is a contraction of de and les, and "de" in this context functions as an "adverb of quantity.")