La grammaire est l'étude systématique des éléments constitutifs d'une langue.

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Why is “c'est” used in this sentence and not “est”?

Pour rester en forme, la chose la plus importante à faire, *c’est* d’avoir une alimentation saine. Would it still be correct if est was used instead ? Also, I would like other examples where it ...
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5answers
144 views

malgré / malgré que / en depit de

I'm a little bit confused as to which one to use in this case, since I can't seem to find one definite answer (specifically on whether malgré que is incorrect or not) and therefore I'm stuck right ...
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4answers
165 views

How to say “I would have to do that” in this sentence?

Is this correct? Je ne pensais pas que je serais du avoir à faire cela. What I want to say is "I did not think that I would have to do that" but I'm having trouble with the bolded clauses.
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2answers
71 views

When should a direct object pronoun be ommitted?

I have recently begun to notice a number of places where the direct object is ommitted in translating from English to French. For instance, I saw I'll find it translated as Je vais trouver, rather ...
3
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3answers
81 views

What does “ce sur quoi” mean?

I have never seen this one before, someone here wrote the sentence: On peut également préciser ce sur quoi porte la demande: par exemple, "Pouvez-vous répéter la question?" What does ce sur quoi ...
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2answers
52 views

Reason for inversion in “peut-être es-tu une dinde !”

I saw it in the tale Le Vilain Caneton. I don't understand how come there's an inversion "es-tu" if it isn't a question? The whole sentence: Tu n'es pas comme les autres, peut-être es-tu une ...
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2answers
473 views

Must pronominal verbs agree in gender/number?

All verbs that take "être" as their auxiliary verb must agree in gender and number with the subject. This I know. But does this apply also to pronominal verbs? For instance, "Elle s'est rasée les ...
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3answers
2k views

“Ce à quoi” vs “à quoi”?

I've been going through examples in a French grammar workbook, and I saw this example sentence: J'ignore ce à quoi il s'abonne. But then I also saw this: Je ne sais pas à quoi il pense. ...
3
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1answer
90 views

When do we use plus-que-parfait?

I don't really understand plus-que-parfait. When do we use plus-que-parfait? And if you compare it with English, what tense is that?
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3answers
42k views

“Je ne sais quoi”: with or without “pas”?

In English we have this stupid expression Je ne sais quoi, which is of course really a French expression. But the thing is, I don't actually know if this is valid French. Would I say: Je ne sais ...
7
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2answers
184 views

C'est-y pas vrai ?

Dans la lecture du Voyage au bout de la nuit, je suis tombé sur cette phrase orale : « C'est-y pas vrai ? » De nos jours, j’emploierais, pour ma part, « C'est pas vrai ? » à la place. Était-ce ...
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89 views

Peut-on dire “de par l'avenir” ?

Dans le contexte suivant, j'hésite entre plusieurs formulations : Je n'exclus cependant pas la possibilité de travailler avec vous de par l'avenir, si nous sommes amenés à nous rencontrer. de ...
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2answers
128 views

Placement of the word “aussi” in a sentence

It confuses me a little bit where I should place it. For example if I say in English; "Someone had also eaten my porridge" or "Someone also had eaten my porridge" They both would imply that that ...
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4answers
6k views

Quelle est la différence entre «car» et «parce que» ?

Je sais que les deux sont utilisés pour dire pourquoi, la raison, dans une réponse. Par exemple: « Pourquoi […] ? — Parce que […] » Quand dois-je utiliser l'un plutôt que l'autre ? Sont-ils ...
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1answer
63 views

Usage of the future and of “moi” in “J'irais me venger moi”

The line is from the song Carmen by Stromae; Et s’il le faut j’irais m’venger moi Two questions: Why "aller" in the future tense? "Je vais aller faire qqc" already implies that you will do ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Why is “être” used in “Son estomac s'est mis à gronder.”

If I understand correctly, the sentence means "His stomach started to rumble/growl". I just don't understand which tense is it? If "se mettre a faire + infinitive" means to "begin doing something" ...
3
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3answers
113 views

La négation de la phrase “Mon travail est intéressant”

Est-ce que la négation de la phrase "Mon travail est intéressant" est: "Mon travail est n'intéressant pas"? Ou "Mon travail n'est pas intéressant"? Et pourquoi? Merci.
4
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1answer
85 views

“Alors qu'il s'était allongé” or “alors qu'il s'était allongeait”?

I saw the following sentence in the tale "three little pigs" (you have to start somewhere, right :); Alors que le petit cochon venait juste de finir de construire sa maison et qu'il s'était ...
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4answers
1k views

“Il est avocat” vs “C'est un avocat” ?

I understand that "c'est" is used here because of the un which I guess makes it count as a modified noun, but I'm not clear whether there's any difference in meaning between these two phrasings when ...
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3answers
72 views

Verb with no subject (well, tu but you don't say tu it's implied)

How would i say verbs without a subject. Ex (in english) Do the dishes. (what verb conjugation would I use)
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2answers
177 views

What's the difference between “c'est pourquoi” and “parce que”?

I hear a lot of “c'est pourquoi” lately, so I just want to know what it means. Also with “parce que”.
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2answers
105 views

Is “D'où vient que…” a common expression?

My understanding is that this is translated as "How is it that..." which is an extremely common phrasing in English, but typing this into google does not give any auto-suggest results, leading me to ...
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3answers
222 views

C'est du piment rouge or C'est un piment rouge?

The other day I was reading a French comic when I noticed one of the characters said this: Vous mentez! C'est du piment rouge! Note the use of the partitive. This strikes me as a little odd, ...
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2answers
115 views

The placement of the word “seulement” in the following sentence

I was listening to the song Tous les mêmes by Stromae the other day, and in the second verse I noticed he sings the following; Moi je l'disais pour t'faire réagir, seulement Toi, t'y pensais ...
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2answers
582 views

How to translate “by which” ?

It came up in the sentence "Is there another way by which you can ... " and now I'm just wondering in general. I would have thought it would be par lequel or duquel or something like that but I get ...
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4answers
139 views

How stupid am I

How can I express the meaning of such sentences which start with "How"? For example, "How lucky was I to survive", meaning that I was "so" lucky or "How stupid am I", when you criticize yourself ...
2
votes
3answers
155 views

Is “Elle me te montre” correct?

"Montrer quelque chose à quelqu'un" means "to show somebody something" or "to show something to somebody". Can I say "montrer quelque chose quelqu'un", as in English? And what about persons, can I ...
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2answers
513 views

“Patience et longueur de temps font plus que force ni (?) que rage”

Dans "Patience et longueur de temps font plus que force ni que rage", quel est le rôle de "ni"? La conjonction ni n'est-elle pas employé seulement dans des phrase négatives ou avec sans? Qu'est-ce que ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Exclusivité du « ou » en français

Il me semble avoir entendu un jour parler de la non exclusivité du ou en français. De ce fait, le terme et/ou n'a aucun sens à partir du moment où le ou ne devient plus exclusif. Quelqu'un pourrait ...
6
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1answer
101 views

How does “plus” makes the sentence negative?

I'm pretty new to the French language and just saw the following line in the song "alors on danse" by Stromae; "alors tu t'bouches plus les oreilles" I know that "se boucher les oreilles" means to ...
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vote
1answer
44 views

Liste de valeurs/Liste des valeurs/Liste de valeur

I tend to have problems getting it right with “de”. To my knowledge, one uses “beaucoup de + nom (singulier)”. But some other cases confuse me. For example Liste de valeurs/Liste des ...
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2answers
96 views

Confusions about participles

In Bescherelle, La grammaire, it reads that le participe passé, comme temps composé, indique l'aspect accompli. Son action est généralement antérieure à l'action du verbe conjugué. e.g. Ses amis ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Understanding “J’ai dû avoir l’air fatigué”

The question is on the highlighted sentence in this excerpt from L'Étranger by Camus. J’ai dit : « Il est tard. » Raymond le pensait aussi. Il a remarqué que le temps passait vite et, dans un ...
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0answers
31 views

Are the adjectives always placed behind nouns? [duplicate]

I am a ground beginner. So, sorry for any misunderstanding. I have come across the sentence: "Elle a une robe rouge" So, is it always that adjectives are placed behind nouns, or are there special ...
3
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2answers
67 views

Subjunctive Past: “We did not have to …”

I would like to say something along the lines of “we did not have to + infinitive”. Instead of present e.g. il faut + infinitive, I was thinking “il ne fallait pas”? But I struggled for it to make ...
3
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2answers
55 views

Something “vous donne droit à” something else : missing verb (avoir) ?

Today I received an email from Amazon with some kind of a discount. I decided to make use of it and translate it, however I stumbled on a sentence that gives me problems: Votre commande récente ...
2
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1answer
56 views

What is correct? “durée du séjour” vs. “durée de séjour”

What is right here? or is both equally fine? Intuitively I'd say: durée du sejour. meant is the length of a stay (in a hotel or hostel or hospital or whatever).
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2answers
93 views

The difference between ''de'' and ''à des''

''Le mixage, le metissage, l'emprunt à des cultures differentes sont des caracteristiques essentielles de cette population.'' ''Le mixage, le metissage, l'emprunt de cultures differentes sont des ...
3
votes
4answers
282 views

Book for learning grammar (DELF B2) [duplicate]

I am a Spanish student who wants to prepare a exam to get the B2.2 title of French (DELF). Currently I just have the DELF A2 title that I got the last time that I studied French in a school, around ...
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4answers
2k views

Recommended grammar textbook for self-study

There are French grammar textbooks written in my native language. However, most of them are either too simple (containing not enough information) or too hard (contain many information but less ...
4
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2answers
113 views

Understanding “Il lui donnait juste de quoi vivre”

The question on the highlighted sentence from this excerpt from L'Étranger by Camus. En mangeant, il a commencé à me raconter son histoire. Il hésitait d’abord un peu. « J’ai connu une dame… ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Advanced usage of indefinite relative pronouns?

So one of my major grammar stumbling points is a certain usage of ce que and ce qui. To be clear, I do understand the basic usage of these words and the difference between them, and every example on ...
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1answer
81 views

How to ask “What do you need for…?”

I know I could say "Qu'est-ce qu'il te faut pour X ?" but what if I want to use avoir besoin de ? Would it be Qu'est-ce que tu as besoin de pour ... ? or is there an en in there, or should it start ...
6
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1answer
82 views

Est-il possible d'utiliser « parce » sans « que » ?

Je me suis récemment posé la question : est-il possible d'utiliser « parce » tout seul ? Je veux dire qu'on l'emploie toujours suivi de « que » dans « parce que » mais y a-t-il des cas où il est ...
3
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2answers
72 views

Is the second “que” necessary in “que […] et que […]”?

I want to know whether the second “que” is absolutely necessary in a sentence like: Chaque fois que je me trouve dans un restaurant et que le café est cher, … Every time that I find myself in a ...
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2answers
100 views

Quel temps doit-on utiliser après « que » ?

On dit tu es la fille la plus jolie que je connaisse mais aussi c'est par accident que je te connais Quelle est la règle pour savoir quel temps utiliser ?
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3answers
5k views

When to use “Ils sont”, “ces sont” or “ce sont”?

If for example I want to say "They are children", I would've thought one would use the phrase: Ils sont des enfants. ... or even: Ces sont des enfants. However I think the correct way to ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Les hommes qui se sont aimés et se sont succédés ?

Our teacher said the following sentence is not correct but I can not figure out what is wrong with it Les hommes qui se sont aimés et se sont succédés
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3answers
124 views

What to use for subjunctive imperfect while speaking?

My understanding is that the subjunctive imperfect tense is rarely used in spoken language. But then, what would you use in a case where you would need it? For example, to translate the rather ...
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2answers
87 views

Is “vois comment les gens peut souffrir terrorisme” grammatically & meaningfully correct?

Vois comment les gens peut souffrir terrorisme. If its not correct, can you correct it for me please? And what does it mean in English?