La grammaire est l'étude systématique des éléments constitutifs d'une langue.

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Why does “Rancunes et partis” translate into “And enmity and spouses” to English in Vive Henri Quatre?

I've been listening to some renaissance music and I stumbled upon the so called first french national anthem, and while listening I heard a few lyrics that confused me so I looked them up. But one ...
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3answers
87 views

Utilisation de « y » avec « atteindre »

Dans une phrase Je veux atteindre Paris dans quelques heures. est-ce que je peux remplacer 'Paris' par le pronom 'y' ? Dans la première phrase il n'y a pas de préposition 'à' pour utiliser 'y' ...
2
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1answer
36 views

What is rule of saying using de after “Le prix de la salade de tomates…”

Generally with food we use du, de la, de l' and des according to the Gender and Number. In this case is, de+la=de la, or is it simply de+ la salade de tomates? What I mean to ask is that whether the ...
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2answers
109 views

What is this inversion called, and is it formal or normal?

There's a certain type of interrogative phrasing I often stumble over, which I have always called complex inversion but which I am not sure of the real name for. I don't know why I thought it was ...
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3answers
76 views

Doubt in “C'est … et s'appelle …” sentence construction

If I want to say, "It is a special meal and is called Kheer" then is this the correct way to write it in French? C'est un repas spécial et s'appelle « Kheer ». The problem that I am facing is ...
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1answer
79 views

What does the “y” stand for in “Je m'y attendais”?

What does the "y" stand for in "Je m'y attendais"? There's no À, and it certainly does not mention some place there. So why is there a "Y"?
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1answer
53 views

How do you construct sentences like “I can't go without/with you having eaten breakfast” or “I can't eat with/without you here” [duplicate]

I have been having the most immense confusion on how to translate sentences like "I can't go without you having eaten breakfast" or "I can't go with you having acted like that" I feel like I've asked ...
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2answers
65 views

La différence entre “Je peux t'en prêter 5$” et “Je peux te prêter 5$”

Je ne comprends pas la différence entre "Je peux t'en prêter 5$" et "Je peux te prêter 5$". Pour moi, c'est normal pour dire "Je peux te prêter 5$", mais il y a beaucoup de résultats sur Google avec ...
2
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2answers
123 views

How are clauses which complement the subject with a verb in the -ing form constructed in French?

Would a -ing verb in a sentence in English always be translated by a verb ending in "ant" in French? I've come up with the folowing : Vous, et moi ayant seulement.... (You and me, only having ...
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693 views

Placement of ne and pas to mean “What have you not done?”

I've been having a hard time translating “What have you not done” in French, I know how to say “What have you done”. Qu'as fait tu ? But I don't know how to say “What have you not done” without ...
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1answer
66 views

The question of aspect in “il a été beaucoup plus long”

The question is on the grammatical aspect of a été in this passage from Camus's The Stranger. The narrator is on trail for murder. The prosecutor (il below) has already made much of the narrator's ...
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4answers
94 views

“On y trouve de tout”?

I heard this said by a native speaker, translated in subtitles as "We can find anything there." (With reference to shopping in Reims.) I have not seen trouver de qch before. I would have thought this ...
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1answer
39 views

Confusion about Pronoun Rules

I came across the following sentence: Mon père pense que les jeunes passent trop de temps en ligne mais je ne suis pas tout à fait d'accord avec il. Now the word "il" refers to "père." So my ...
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2answers
92 views

Distinguishing between “ne… que” vs. “ne (littéraire)… que”

Here's a sentence¹ that I stumbled over: On ne saurait en conclure (comme on l'a fait parfois) que l'achimie fut, par example, une sorte de religion à mystères: elle en emprunta simplement ...
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4answers
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What is the rule behind the use of “de” in this sentence?

Consider the following sentence: Il n'est pas difficile de comprendre pourquoi le samedi est ma journée favorite. According to me if one removes the de before comprendre the sentence should ...
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63 views

Doute autre d'utiliser des adjectifs

J'apprends les adjectifs en ce moment et j'ai un doute. Je sais qu'il y a des adjectifs qui se placent avant les noms. Souvent ils sont appellés "BAGS". Un adjectif qui appartient à de ce groupe est ...
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2answers
99 views

Do you have to repeat the word “pour” in sentences?

I want to say: J'utilise mon portable pour faire des recherches. Je m'en sers aussi pour bavarder avec mes amis et pour contacter mes copains. Am I correct by repeating the word pour? Have I ...
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2answers
72 views

In French how do you something like “Thank you for cooking” or “I love you for being great” and sentences like that? [duplicate]

I've been wondering how to say something like "I love you for being great" or "Thank you for eating with me" in French. What tense/mood do you use to conjugate the verbs in? I'll be using the ...
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3answers
86 views

Can you put adverbs at the start of a sentence in French?

Is it grammatically correct to use an adverb at the start of a sentence in French like in English? Like in the sentences Seriously, stop it! Really? Or any sentence that uses an adverb ...
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74 views

Can “ce que”, “ce qui”, and “ça” be used to refer to things previously mentioned

Can the words "ce que", "ce qui" and "ça" be used to refer to something previously mentioned? Like in the sentence Nous allons parler de ce que "Let's talk about that" This En ce qu'un ...
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2answers
161 views

Which tense would you use to say “Back then, I would go to the store every day”?

I have been having a lot of trouble trying to translate sentences like "Back then, I would go to the store every day", since I am unsure which tense to use. Would you use present conditional? À ...
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62 views

Why are there (seemingly) unnecessary “à”s and “de”s in these sentences?

In the sentence Parce que la préposition à indique un mouvement Is the à necessary? Can't you just say Parce que la préposition indique un mouvement In another sentence which has a ...
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2answers
71 views

How do you to tell the difference from “the more” (le/la/les plus) and “the most” (le/la/les plus) in French?

How do you tell the difference between "le plus" as in "the more" from "le plus" as in "the most" in French? As in "The more easy" vs. "The most easy"
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51 views

How do you translate something like “I have nothing to work with” in French?

I have been thinking and looking for answers for this for a long time, and I still can't find any answer. How, in French do you say something like "I have things to work with", "They have no people to ...
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1answer
68 views

How do you say “much” and “a lot” in French? As in “I have studied a lot” or “I do not have much”?

How do you say "much" and "a lot" in French? As in "I have studied a lot" or "I do not have much"?
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3answers
717 views

“What does it matter if I lie to you, my love ?”

How would one render this statement into French ? What does it matter if I lie to you ? My attempt would be: “A-t-il importance si je te mens, chérie ?”
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2answers
132 views

How to say “I was being” in French?

How do you say "I was being/having" in French? As in "I was being killed" or "I was being bullied" or "I was having a great time" or "I was having a drink" Is there a certain tense to this? Or do the ...
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5answers
67 views

Is this a correct usage of the conditional past perfect?

Is this a correct usage of the conditional past perfect to translate “I would have had it! Without you always ruining everything!”? Je l'aurais avait! Sans toi toujours en train de ruiner tout! ...
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4answers
71 views

How do you say “Which instrument do you play” in French?

Since to play an instrument in French is "Jouer de", I wonder where the de goes when it's interrogative. I think "Which instrument do you play" in French would be "Quel instrument jouez-vous" but ...
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2answers
103 views

How to say “Is he not here?” in French?

How do you say something like "Is Charles not here" in French? Do you say "Charles n'est pas ici?" or for the sentence "Is she not there", "N'est pas elle là"? The second example sounds wrong, and I ...
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1answer
40 views

Are these correct uses of “auquel”, “duquel”, and “dont”?

Is this a correct use of auquel? C'est le garçon auquel je pense Is this a correct use of duquel? C'est le bœuf duquel je parle Is this a correct use of dont? Il est le professeur ...
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1answer
49 views

«Que philosopher, c'est apprendre à mourir»

What's the grammatical purpose of que in this construction (due to Cicéron)? I would have expected it to read, «Philosopher, c'est apprendre à mourir».
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72 views

How to formulate questions with a compound tense?

In France is it practical to say something like "A Janice écrit la lettre?" Or "Janice, a-t-elle écrit la lettre?". Also, can you say something like "Janice, l'a-t-elle écrit?"
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63 views

How do you say “with” or “without” as in “I can't do that with you dying”?

How do you say "without -subject- -verb-" as in "I can't do that with you dying"?
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3answers
99 views

How to say “by” in French as in “What do you mean by”

How do you say "by" in French as in "What do you mean by that" do you use the word "par"? Also a bit out of topic, how do you say "It can improve your memory a lot" do you use "un beaucoup"? Because ...
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2answers
44 views

Does the placement of “tout” change the meaning of the sentence?

"Nous disons tout" means "We tell all" but "Nous tout disons" means "We all tell" right? If this is true does that mean I can say "Nous tout allons te dire tout" as "We are all going to tell you all" ...
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1answer
58 views

How to say “I look” as in “I look stupid” in French?

How do you say "I look" as in "I look pretty/stupid/etc"? Do you use ressemble? Also, out of topic: how do you say "you seem adjective", and how do you express "pretty" as in "That's pretty dumb"?
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1answer
44 views

How to say “at least” as in “at least help me!”

How do you express "At least" as in the sentence "At least help me!" I think it's (literally) "au moins" but that sounds a bit strange. Thanks!
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1answer
423 views

Ways to express “what's happening”, “what happened”, or “what will happen” in French

I've been having trouble looking for ways to say "what happened", "what's happening", and "what will happen" in French. I feel it's "Ce qui s'a passé", "Ce qui se passe", and "Ce qui se passera". ...
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3answers
39 views

Is this a correct translation of “I don't want them to die”?

Is "Je ne veux pas qu'ils à mourir" a good translation or should you use "Je ne veux pas qu'ils meurent"?
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1answer
56 views

How to say “this early” as in “I have never been this early” in French?

How do you say something like "I have never been this bad" in French? Or something like that? How do you say the "This bad" part? Also, do you say "I have never been" as "Je n'ai jamais été"? Or is ...
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43 views

In the sentence “Charles est beau, mais son frère ne l'est pas” what does the “l'” stand for?

In the sentence "Charles est beau, mais son frère ne l'est pas" what does the "l'" stand for? Does it stand for the adjective "Beau"?
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76 views

Is the sentence “Comment ce garçon a résolu un cube rubix en seulement six secondes ?” correct?

Is the following sentence correct? Comment ce garçon de quinze ans a résolu un cube rubix en seulement six secondes ? I want it to be translated into How did this fifteen year old boy solve ...
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2answers
64 views

How to say “Even” as in “We can't even cook a little bit”?

How do you express the word "even" as in: I can't even do that!' Also, a bit out of topic, how do you express the word "like" as in: Like seriously! Like honestly, I can't stand them even ...
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1answer
45 views

How to say “at music” as in “Better than me at music” in french?

Or how do you say "He's better than me at playing music" or "Better than me at classical music" in French. Do you say "Il est mieux que moi dans/a/sur la musique classique"? Or is that wrong? How do ...
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3answers
77 views

How to say “though” and the use of “pourtant”

How do I say "though" like in the sentence "There was food though"? Could you say "pourtant, il y avait des nourritures" or "Il y avait des nourritures pourtant"?
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2answers
55 views

Is the sentence “Je me sentais de la même façon que tu te sens maintenant” correct?

Is "Je me sentais de la même façon que tu te sens maintenant" correct? I want it to mean "I felt the same way that you're feeling now" Can I use "en ce moment" at the end instead of "Maintenant", and ...
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Comment utiliser « il y a » ?

J'ai cherché la traduction de l'expression « il y a » mais je suis confus. Le livre que j'utilise déclare que l'expression « il y a » signifie « there are / there is » en anglais. Cependant, l'auteur ...
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1answer
60 views

What does it mean when there's a “C'est” after “ce, cet, cettes, ou ces”?

In the sentence "Cette c'est de la merde, j'ai perdu cinq minutes de ma vie", why is there a "c'est" beside "cette" why can't you just say "c'est"? Why do people do this and is it necessary?
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« Je, singulièrement animé à chérir ce qui, aimable, n'est pas aimé, entre toutes saisons le plus aime l'hiver » : le pronom conjoint isolé ?

Je, singulièrement animé à chérir ce qui, aimable, n'est pas aimé, entre toutes saisons le plus aime l'hiver, et poursuivre ce sens de la pâleur Trophonienne sur sa face. [...] [ I, ...