1
vote
1answer
41 views

Comment « emprunt » a-t-il evolué pour signifier « prêt » (ainsi qu'une volte-face) ?

Je commence par clarifier que mon usage de « emprunter » réfère au débiteur, et « prêter » au créditeur. 1. Donc, au début, le créancier donne de l'argent au débiteur. 2. À la fin, le créancier ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Beyond memorisation and time, how can you master grammatical gender in French?

How can adult L2 learners learn, master, and remember grammatical gender more efficiently? Memorisation and time do not improve advanced L2 learners. Are there shortcuts or patterns or rules for ...
-4
votes
2answers
94 views

How do you master Prepositions and Postpositions in French as a second language?

TL/DR: How do you acquire and master adpositions in a L2? Please do not answer that only further exposure, practice or time are needed; they do not aid advanced L2 learners. Optional Reading: ...
1
vote
4answers
89 views

The meaning of “de près ou de loin”

Je n'avais rien qui ressemble de près ou de loin à une arme de chasse. I wonder why the words "près(near)" and "loin(far)" are used in conjunction with the verb "ressembler". What might be the ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Would have, should have, must have

I was told by a reliable source that "J'aurais dû partir plus tôt" means "I should have left sooner." So how do you say, "I must have left sooner."? Or "I would have left sooner." The question here ...
3
votes
2answers
139 views

Quel est l'antecédent de « lui » dans « Quelques changements que le temps et le caprice lui préparent » ?

Source: p 32, The French Language Today: A Linguistic Introduction (2 ed, 2000) by Battye, Hintze, Rowlett [Source:] C'est dans le siécle de Louis XIV, comme on l'a dit, que cette éloquence ...
1
vote
3answers
79 views

Grammar: “ne me sentais pas” or “ne sentais pas”

I was wondering if it is absolutely necessary to place “me” right before “sentais” in the following sentence. If so, what might be the reason for that? Je ne me sentais pas le cœur de refuser. ...
2
votes
3answers
66 views

Cherche des stations de radio francophones

Je cherche des stations de radio francophones qui diffusent de la musique des années 60 et 70 (oldies) ou du métal (death metal préferé), qui ont des animateurs et des programmes d'information. Je ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

What is the correct pronunciation of such words as “leur”, “leurs”, “je meurs”, “il meurt”?

I’m having trouble pronouncing the “œ” sound in these words. It sounds to me like it’s in between “a” and “u”.
4
votes
3answers
80 views

Qu'est-ce que “Que m'arrive-t-il?” veut dire?

I read it in a book today and I simply cannot grasp its meaning. The context is; " "Que m'arrive-t-il?" demanda-t-il tout en terminant la lecture du bulletin d'une voix sans faille." If I'm not ...
5
votes
4answers
237 views

Quel est le sens du mot « décaner » au football ?

Quelqu'un a utilisé le mot décaner (ou peut-être décanner) dans le sens que le gardien a donné un coup de pied dur au ballon lors d'un match de football. J'ai cherché une définition mais je ne suis ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

Quand utilise-t-on l'infinitif ou le participe passé dans un paragraphe ?

J'aimerais bien savoir quand on peut utiliser un verbe à l'infinitif ou an participe passé dans un paragraphe. Je connais déjà une régle: on met le verbe à l'infinitif s'il y a une préposition comme ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

The meanings of “le puissant”, “la puissante”, and “les puissants”

If you place “le/la/les” right before an adjective, does the resultant phrase mean a person or people of that particular nature? le + puissant (Masculine Singular Adjective) = a powerful man? la + ...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

“Lorsqu'on” ou “lorsque l'on”

L'outil Ngram1 est sans pitié, il favorise lorsqu'on. Mon correcteur d'orthographe voit rouge, il refuse ces familiarités. 1°) Coupable de l'utiliser à l'oral, j'aimerais savoir quelle est l'origine ...
4
votes
4answers
136 views

« Menaces with spikes of » ?

This is a native aluminum earring. All craftsmanship is of the highest quality. It is studded with bismuth bronze and decorated with water buffalo leather. [This object is adorned with hanging ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

Explication de « lui dit-il » et « lui dit-elle »

My French is not good enough to ask this question in French, but hopefully I can understand the answers! I bought a copy of Le Petit Prince in French and I have been reading it to improve my French. ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

Is it idiomatic to use an infinitive in a question without finite verb or preposition?

In two journal articles, I came across a use of the infinitive in French that I'm not familiar with. The first article is titled Enseigner la vertu?, and the second—which is a reply to the first—is ...
6
votes
4answers
197 views

Utilisation de « mec/meuf »

J'ai demandé à mon professeur de français, elle m'a dit « Oublie ces mots », parce que ces mots sont mauvais. Mais j'entends souvent ces mots dans les films. Puis-je les utiliser ? Et dans quelles ...
4
votes
2answers
195 views

Do French speakers ever say “café frappé” meaning iced coffee?

I'm aware that "café frappé" may mean the Greek foam-covered iced coffee drink made from instant coffee. But is this phrase ever used today to simply mean "iced coffee"? Not a single French speaker ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

How to change “have done” into “had done”?

In French, how do you express the idea of the past perfect (had done)? In English, it is as simple as changing “has” into “had”, but how about in French? Elle n'a jamais rien mangé d'aussi bon. { ...
2
votes
3answers
64 views

Translation of “People less fortunate than us”

How can we say “people less fortunate than us” for example in terms of condition, wealth, health, etc. La solidarité, il s'agit d'aider des gens moins fortunés (moins chanceux? moins heureux? avec ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Negating participles and gerunds

I am trying to ask how to negate participles and gerunds and will use examples that may or may not be idiomatic, as follows: (a) pouvant de patience (b) en pouvant (c) en pouvant de ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Different ways to pronounce “r?”

I noticed that "r" in "merveilleux" is pronounced differently than a normal "r," which is somewhat similar to the end of the English word "ugh". It sounds rather like the Spanish "r," which ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Is the pronunciation of “tu” “toosh?”

I thought "tu" was pronounced like English "to," but in this link, it's pronounced like "toosh." Does the audio sound like recorded by a native speaker of French? Which is correct and natural? In ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

What is the meaning of the phrase “t'annoncer” in the following context?

"La discrétion n'a pas de prix. Mais après tout, si tu préfères t'annoncer et aller frapper aux portes de la ville, libre à toi." I suppose that it somewhat departs from the usual usage of the verb ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

In “on le fait mettre à genoux,” is “le” the object of “mettre”?

The question is on le as highlighted in this excerpt from Candide by Voltaire. Candide, tout stupéfait, ne démêlait pas encore trop bien comment il était un héros. Il s’avisa un beau jour de ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

Is “en” a pronoun or preposition in “n’en pouvant plus”?

The question is on en as occurring as highlighted in this excerpt from Voltaire's Candide. Candide, tout stupéfait, ne démêlait pas encore trop bien comment il était un héros. Il s’avisa un beau ...
-1
votes
1answer
124 views

“The Queen” in French [closed]

The queen in England is called "The Queen", but how do you translate this into French? What I read in the dictionary is confusing. Please keep the answer simple as I'm not fluent in English (and not ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

« Comment vous vous appelez ? » Est-ce une question correcte ?

En général on peut poser des questions de trois manières différentes, par exemple : Monsieur, vous vous appelez comment ? (avec intonation) Monsieur, comment est-ce que vous vous appelez ? (avec ...
2
votes
3answers
48 views

To what extent are liaisons optional? Can I have some examples?

The more I listen to spoken French, which I am doing much more of lately, the more I see that liaisons are very often not used where I expected them. My policy in the past has generally been to place ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

What does “tomber dans les pommes” mean? [closed]

I'm wondering what "tomber dans les pommes" means. I don't know what it is. I once knew what it meant, but not anymore now. I don't understand the French meaning of It.
1
vote
3answers
123 views

“C'est du mauvais français” du vs de ?

Another user pointed out some poor phrasing in a French sentence I had linked to by saying "C'est du mauvais français." I am not sure why this uses du rather than de; my impression was that the ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

What does “À l'œuvre, on connaît l'ouvrier” mean?

I know "À l'œuvre, on connaît l'ouvrier" is a proverb, but what does it mean?
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Role of “en” in “Il en pendait dans toute la maison”

I'm reading La Fuite de Monsieur Monde by Georges Simenon. It contains this passage: S'il avait osé, il aurait dit: – Un complet de tout le monde. Il en pendait dans toute la maison. I've ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

The word order of “de ne pas avoir à”

Je suis [contente/content] de ne pas avoir à te trimballer ! I always thought that you have to place a verb or an auxiliary verb like avoir between ne and pas, so I wonder why this is not the ...
3
votes
5answers
110 views

What is the meaning of the word “rien” in the sentence “Ne vous préoccupez de rien !”?

Does this sentence: Ne vous préoccupez de rien ! mean: Do not worry about anything! ≠ Worry about nothing! or: Do not worry about the smallest things! (Those things are nothing ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Four different forms of the past participle of “laisser”: Which one to use?

Woman: Il ne m'a jamais laissée tomber. In the sentence above, the speaker is a woman, and the “il” refers to a certain man and the “me” refers to a woman (the speaker). I’ve just learnt that ...
8
votes
4answers
620 views

How to express “being left to do” in colloquial French?

“I don't appreciate being left to do all the hard work.” It’s different from just saying “I don't appreciate doing all the hard work.”; the idea of “being left to do” is important. Someone else ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How would you best translate “to make one + verb”

I would like to know the correct way to translate "to make one + verb". In this case, "make" is to compel or make someone feel compelled to do something. Like the case: What made you want/feel ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Best translation for “I'm back” ?

I used to translate I'm back as "Je suis retourné" but eventually I changed that to "Je suis de retour." Am I right nowadays, is that the most idiomatic way of expressing that?
2
votes
2answers
142 views

How to express “dare to” in French?

Is it correct to use the verb "oser" in the following sentence? Mes amis artistes qui sont plus que fiers de leurs talents de peintre jamais osent peindre des portraits.
7
votes
5answers
996 views

How to say “old days” in French?

Recently, I have found a French relative on the net and I want to tell him: I also have a vague memory of the old days. How can I say the sentence above and specially the "old days" in French ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What gender(s) are political parties?

For example the parties: LR PS FN And is it the same gender for all parties? What about "UDI" can you use l'UDI ?
3
votes
2answers
118 views

“Je vraiment les aime” or “Je les aime vraiment”?

I want to say "I really like them." But, which comes first? “Vraiment les aime” or “les aime vraiment”?
11
votes
3answers
179 views

Is it correct to say “la capitale de France”?

If so, is the meaning any different from that of "la capitale de la France"? More generally, why is the article omitted in other phrases, such as "Stade de France," "Tour de France" and "roi de ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Traduction du terme « Golden Hour » utilisé par les photographes

En anglais, « Golden Hour » désigne les périodes après le lever du soleil et avant son coucher où la lumière est plus douce. Quelle est l'expression équivalente en français ?
3
votes
4answers
175 views

How to translate “Can't stop” to French?

Is it correct to say: Je ne peux pas arrêter de les regarder, tes peintures. Does it convey the meaning of "can't stop looking at your paintings"?
6
votes
4answers
109 views

What is the meaning of “lui nuit plus qu'il ne lui sert”?

I'm reading Le rouge et le noir and I came upon this sentence: Cet automate de mari lui nuit plus qu'il ne lui sert I understand the first part of the sentence but not the second one. My problem ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

What is the construction used in negating with “ne pas” (but not ne..pas)?

I am in in Québec City for a five day vacation. One sentence I entered into google translate is "I regret not studying French more", and google translate gave me the following: Je regrette de ne ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Understanding “s’en retourna tout agitée”

I am trying to understand the highlighted phrase in this excerpt from Voltaire's Candide. Un jour, Cunégonde, en se promenant auprès du château, dans le petit bois qu’on appelait parc, vit entre ...

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