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Usually when we negate verbs that are conjugated, we follow the rule “SNVP” (subject, ne, verb, pas, or in that case rien). N'ouvrez pas! (dont open). However if we negate the INFITIVE form, the verb is always at the end. Ne pas ouvrir! N'y comprend rien is correct. N'y rien comprend is not correct. It should be n'y rien comprenDRE (an infinitive).


There are 2 rules that answer your question. First: subject (direct or indirect one when complement to the verb) ending with 'e' and placed in front of a verb starting with a vowel must be shortened. Thus, 'je', 'me', 'te' and 'se' will become " j' ", " m' ", " t' " and " s' " when in front of verb starting with a vowel. "Je aime le chocolat" is incorrect ...

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