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2

In the examples you gave, the first one is correct but can sound strange in French. We usually say "Tu y es allé?" or "tu as déjà été à Venise"? The difference between "j'ai été" and "je suis allé" is tricky. I wrote an article about that if you want to know more about this rule.


1

Les deux formes sont exactes. La 1 est une version impersonnelle de la 2, qui peut se construire avec des verbes qui indiquent un événement, quelque chose qui survient: Une personne arrive => Il arrive une personne. Un drame survient => Il survient un drame. De la neige tombe => Il tombe de la neige. Exemple d'autres verbes: apparaît, ...


0

Your sentences mean what you want to say. If you choose to use "quoi que ce soit" as a common name (V1), then you need to add a pronoun to say your condition. Litterally, the translation is "If it happened anything..." but with the elision, you write "S'il". V1 is more formal, V2 is in common language.


2

Your re-phrasing is absolutely correct. But much less 1830-ish, so to speak. The first way of writing is just an old-school way of speaking, but your understanding is very good.


4

If you analyze the fragment “n'en pouvant plus” grammatically, en can only be a pronoun. There has to be a verb between the two parts of the negation n' and plus, so pouvant has to be analyzed as a verb form, not as an adjective. If en pouvant was a gerund, the negation would have to be placed inside: “en ne pouvant plus” (this is a valid sentence fragment, ...


2

Unfortunately I don't have enough reputation to leave a comment on your question so I'll post a short answer. In this case, en is a pronoun referring to the punishment Candide is receiving (the coups de baguette). To answer you other question, ne and en will always be in that order if en is a pronoun (I am 99% sure and can't think of any exceptions but ...


2

The following suggestions are not literal translations at all (and only address the meaning of "rien" indirectly by using its opposite, "everything"), but if I saw “Ne vous préoccupez de rien” used as a slogan for a hotel, travel agency, or even a DUI law firm, I would take it to mean: “Relax, we’ll take care of everything” or “Relax, just leave ...


2

You have a conjunction of 2 constructions : An impersonal form: Il + verb (about events) + real subject Il pendait des complets dans toute la maison = Des complets pendaient dans toute la maison. Il pleuvait des trombes d'eau = Des trombes d'eau pleuvaient. Pronoun personal en = replaces indefinite noun, or COI preceded by de Je voyais des ...


2

To understand better what rien means, knowing its etymology helps. Rien comes from the Latin res that means "thing, affair, stuff": Res publica → public matters. The fact it is essentially used in negative sentences shifted its perceived meaning (nothing) to be exactly the opposite of its original one (something). Ne vous préoccupez de rien ! literally ...


1

en replaces/refers to simply un complet. Il en pendait dans toute la maison ⇔ Il pendait un complet dans toute la maison By ⇔ I mean equivalence of the 2 sentences. Remember: Le pronom en remplace un nom introduit par de ou par un article partitif ou indéfini qui expriment une quantité indéfinie.


1

In that particular context, it means not to worry about a single thing (nothing). Even though it could translate into anything, anything would imply nothing as well because not worrying about anything , is not worrying at all. anything = a thing of any kind Do not worry about anything = do not worry about a thing of any kind = don't worry at all


2

ne ... rien = not ... anything or nothing je ne mange rien = I do not eat anything then it means: Do not worry about anything! ne ... guère = not ... much or not a lot je ne mange guère = I do not eat a lot ne ... pas = not ne ... plus = not ... anymore ne ... jamais = never


2

It means “worry about nothing!” [i.e. “I am taking care of everything” or possibly, “leave me alone”, depending on context] “Un rien” can also mean “something small” but not in this sentence.



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