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3

As you are aware of, for most other interrogative sentences, a trick allows the subject–verb inversion to occur inside a dummy “être” main clause: Que fait-il ? → Qu'est-ce qu'il fait ? Où va-t-il ? → Où est-ce qu'il va ? Le fait-il ? → Est-ce qu'il le fait ? Quel and combien are asking for adjectival descriptions (respectively qualitative or ...


2

As mentioned by Kareen , « est-ce que » is for “ yes/no” questions, and if you already have a suspicion of what the word is (spaghetti, for example) you could use « est-ce que » to form the “yes/no” question provided by Chrisw. If, however, you don’t have the slightest clue what the Italian word is (and you’re possibly not even sure what the exact word in ...


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Quel est le nom italien de cette pâte? is a actually the right translation. You would however be hard put to translate that question with est-ce que because it introduces a yes/no question, which your example isn't. Quel est and est-ce que, while both question-introducing expressions, are not interchangeable. Quel est introduces an open-ended question. ...


3

The literal/simplistic translation of "est-ce" is "is this". That literal/simplistic translation is correct! So use "est-ce ...?" whenever you want to ask, "is this ...?" or "is it ...?", for example: "Est-ce un chien?" => "Is it a dog?" "Est-ce possible que ...?" => "Is it possible that ...?" Conversely, "quel" means "what" or "which", so for example: ...


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The first is an example of a reflexive verb. For example: Je me lave (I wash myself) Tu te laves Il se lave Nous nous lavons Vous vous lavez Ils se lavent Swapping the order of the words to make a question (e.g. Aimez-vous ? instead of Vous aimez.) is how you get the question Vous êtes-vous trempé ? A correct reply is, Oui, je me suis trempé ! ...


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You can only make an inverted pair (like est-il) with a pronoun. That said, you can use such a device as a prop in a question involving nouns or proper nouns (like in your first sentence).


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Correct et soutenu : Pourquoi Marie est-elle en colère ? Incorrect (ne jamais l'employer) : Pourquoi est-Marie en colère ? Correct, surtout à l'oral : Pourquoi Marie est en colère ?



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