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1

J'ai trouvé un mémoire de maîtrise complet: « Disparition du passé simple en français oral » (Hanni Halonen, Université de Tampere, Institut des études de langue et de traduction, 2007).


3

NOTE: french is my mother language, it's why I can respond. But english is NOT, so apologies in advance for this aspect :-) Although previous answers are correct, it seems important to mention something else. There is a difference between two kinds of verbs, natively rather appropriated for designate either an action/event (what is currently happening) or ...


4

Actually, jrmyp is not correct. These are passive constructions in the passé composé and indicatif présent tenses, respectively. No adjectives are involved whatsoever. He is however correct in saying that the difference between them two is one of tense. The second one (not first as I distractedly wrote) would be more accurately translated as He's ...


1

In both cases you're using the verb être with an adjective (capturé). The first one uses past tense (passé composé, he has been caught) the second one uses present tense (he is caught). The difference in meaning is nothing more than the tense.



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