What “degré de figement” do words such as mauvaise herbe, grand magasin and pomme de terre have? Is it “figement complet” or “partiel”?

What is the best strategy to determine whether an expression is a “figement complet” or a “figement partiel”?

Why is rouge-gorge a “syntagme libre”?

  • Information.
    – user3177
    Apr 30, 2015 at 21:20
  • Vous trouverez les règles persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/… ; à vous de les interpréter... pour moi rouge-gorge est un oiseau discret et charmant, à l’œil vif qui protège son territoire... chaque formulation d'une réalité est singulière ; rouge-gorge 3° de la page 61
    – Personne
    May 1, 2015 at 9:27
  • Is this question really a better fit here than on Linguistics ? Knowing what linguistic theory OP has in mind when asking about "figement complet" and "partiel" would help. May 20, 2015 at 23:24
  • Also, it sounds like homework. What have you tried ? May 21, 2015 at 2:24
  • I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it seems to fit better on linguistics, even though the language discussed is indeed french. May 24, 2015 at 16:21

1 Answer 1


You're asking about how frozen are some multiword expressions.

Pomme de terre is a lexeme in itself, so much more frozen than the others that it might not even be in the same category. Mauvaise herbe and grand magasin are completely frozen, as far as I can tell (figement complet).

I found some theory here¹ (page 9ff.), that answers your second question.

Basically, if you can fiddle a bit with the expression, inserting words, changing some for synonyms, etc., it's only partially frozen.

¹ masters thesis of Corinne Lédée (2011)

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