What is the difference in connotation between “plaisant” and “agréable” (in referring to a conversation, event, etc.)? I had always assumed that the former was mildly derogatory or pejorative, but even good dictionaries give no guidance here.
It's worth noting there's an English word complaisant which means compliant, almost sycophantic.– HughJan 21, 2015 at 23:05
Plaisant can mean the same thing as the English pleasant: something that (some) people will like. It is very slightly dated in that sense. There is a connotation that something plaisant is likable or beautiful. More often, plaisant means something that might generate a smile or a chuckle, in particular (but not always) something that is not serious.
Agréable is a rather straightforward translation of pleasant.
I think this is a question of level of language. Plaisant sounds a bit more advanced than agréable to me. But the meaning is actually the same.
I'd say 'plaisant' is either less contemporary, or used by English-snobs. Certainly not more 'advanced'.– user13512Jun 12, 2017 at 18:44
@GeorgeM Thank you. I'm sometimes led to use it.– ShlubluJun 13, 2017 at 4:46
1That can happen :-)– user13512Jun 13, 2017 at 17:40
I would have a hard time trying to describe the meaning of those words, but to me there is a slight difference:
- "plaisant" states the object as being likable to some extent, but without providing any reason. Also since it comes from the verb "plaire" I would even say it implies the object has an effect on the person : it makes her like it
- "agréable" is more focused on the nice feeling it conveys.
Even though I do agree there's a very slight difference, IMHO “likeable” has it very wrong: that's “being liked”, rather. Or were you describing “appréciable”? Nov 8, 2012 at 6:27
Appréciable is yet a slightly different meaning. I wouldn't argue on whether "likable" is appropriate as I am not fluent enough in English to fully get all the subtlety of its meaning. That being said, your profiles says you're in Canada; I wouldn't be surprised if the meaning of plaisant and agréable was different for you and me. Nov 8, 2012 at 14:01
Oh, I'm very french a native, currently passing by Canada, by chance. I don't see any subtelty in “likable”, only the simple decomposition of the suffix into “that can be liked”, which is why I said this would better match to “appréciable”, i.e. that's the same suffix (agréable too, but it lost that sense). Maybe I'm the one missing some English sense to “likable”, though. Nov 8, 2012 at 14:08
First and foremost, they both mean the same, that is, the English “pleasant”.
Then, as Shlublu mentions, “agréable” is more commonly¹ used in that sense, and “plaisant” can sound a bit more formal, therefore be less employed.
“Plaisant” is more often² used ironically to tell something ridiculous (relatedly to “plaisantin”, someone who makes light-hearted jokes). You can found examples in the Wiktionary (in french).
¹ I do hear “plaisant” more² in Canada, in its original “pleasant” sense.
² Still not a lot, but comparatively slightly more.
"Plaisant" has the sense of "pleasing" and is a bit subjective. Something that is "agreable" has a "positive" quality, a term that is a bit more objective.
If you are not a native french speaking, avoid using "plaisant". The word is quite old, formal and it would be difficult to use it properly without making your interlocutor smile.
Maybe in Québec, under the influence of english, it might not be the case.
I would securely use it as a synonym of "aesthetically pleasing".
- "Un paysage plaisant. / Voici un tableau très plaisant".
For foods and drinks, to express satisfaction. - "Ce vin est fort plaisant"(note "fort" expresses some joviality).
To describe an amusing, embarassing, spicy situation, like a love scene, you can say : - "une scène/situation plaisante"
Note that the contrary of "plaisant" , "déplaisant", can be used with less precaution.
But I feel both words are on the formal side of french language anyway. Prefer "agréable", which is a real "passe-partout".
Remember those words come from the verb "plaire", a very important verb in french to express appreciation, that one should prefer to use instead of those somehow dusty/dull adjectives.
"Ce tableau/ vin / paysage / livre / cette maison me plaît". (regular)
"Je me plais bien, ici". (regular)
"Ce n'est pas que votre compagnie me déplaise, mais je n'irai pas". (formal)
"Votre attitude me déplaît, monsieur". (Hierarchical)
"Ah, tu me plais bien, toi". (To express affection)
"Qu'est-ce qu'il me plaît, ce garçon". (In love)
"Ça, ça ne va pas lui plaire". (regular /familiar)
And the idiomatic:
-"Dans la vie, on ne peut pas toujours plaire à tout le monde".
That is how you'd rather express appreciation in french.