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Will it be "je ne dois rien acheter" or "je ne dois rien de acheter"? Thanks

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“Je ne dois rien acheter” is correct. It means that I must not buy anything, i.e. if I buy something, it would be wrong.

“Je dois ne rien acheter” is also correct, but rare. The meaning is slightly different, because it treats “to buy nothing” as an action which must be performed. It's a form of emphasis on the effort that has to be made to buy nothing.

“*Je ne dois rien de acheter” is wrong. There's no way to fit the word de here.

To translate “I don't have to buy something”, i.e. I am not obliged to buy anything, you can say “je ne suis pas obligé d'acheter quelque chose” or “je ne dois pas forcément acheter quelque chose” (this one conveys that there was a presumption that I did in fact need to buy something) or “je n'ai rien à acheter”.

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Between your choice of sentences, "je ne dois rien acheter" would be the right one.

But I'm not sure if it's what you mean : this means that you should not buy anything. Because you have to pay for rent, for example.
If you just mean that you have no need to buy anything right now, you could say "Je n'ai rien à acheter".

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The straightforward negative form of je dois acheter quelque chose is je ne dois pas acheter quelque chose which can be simplified in je ne dois rien acheter.

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that would be "Je ne dois rien acheter"

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You can't use je ne dois rien de acheter, you will not be able to have de acheter. If you have 2 vowels, you have to use contraction so it will be d'acheter. If you want a negative sentense with d'acheter you can use Je me dois d'acheter rien.

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  • 1
    "Je me dois d'acheter rien" is broken French. – jlliagre Apr 3 '16 at 8:02
  • You're right, we use it frequently in Quebec but is not the correct sentense, Je me dois de ne rien acheter will be a correct use. – Michael Apr 4 '16 at 13:13
  • Thanks, I didn't knew it was a quebecism, it's more correct than I though then ! – jlliagre Apr 4 '16 at 19:35
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Je ne dois rien acheter

This would be the correct sentence, but everything depends on the context.

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  • Je ne doit should be Je ne dois. – jlliagre Apr 3 '16 at 8:12

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