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How do you say "much" and "a lot" in French? As in "I have studied a lot" or "I do not have much"?

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"much" and "a lot" could be translated into "trop", "beaucoup", or "autant".

  • I have studied a lot.
  • J'ai beaucoup étudié.

  • I do not have much time.

  • Je n'ai pas trop de temps.

  • Why don't many people know the philology ?

  • Pourquoi autant de monde ne connait pas la philologie ?
  • Thanks! That cleared up a lot. I'm assuming you're not native so I'm going to also help you with your english just as you helped me :D "Why much people do not know the philology" is grammatically wrong you should say "Why don't many people know about philology", in English we don't generally put "The" before branches of knowledge. – chaplinmyflabbydog Apr 7 '16 at 11:52
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    Notice that all these words are not exact synonyms: "trop" means "too much" or "too many", "beaucoup" is "a lot", "much" or "many", "autant" can mean "as much", "that many"... – Anne Aunyme Apr 7 '16 at 11:55
  • Merci pour ces petites précisions omises :) – fashuai Apr 7 '16 at 11:56
  • chaplinmyflabbydog, you are right :) thank you – fashuai Apr 7 '16 at 14:55
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A lot and much can have various functions and their interpretation in French may vary accordingly.

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english-french/much

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english-french/a-lot

E.g.

We still owe quite a lot. Nous devons encore beaucoup d’argent.

This happens a lot. Cela arrive souvent.

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