7

I would like to ask this question in this specific context. Someone calls his friend but his friend doesn't respond. Then, after a while, his friend sends him this message:

Qu'est-ce qu'il y a? Je suis sortie du boulot, là.

What's the meaning of "Qu'est-ce qu'il y a?" in this context? Is this rude or is it an expression used between friends?

Thanks in advance!

  • 2
    If your friend is indeed a "he", then it should be "je suis sorti". – Pierre Arlaud Sep 27 '16 at 12:57
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    @PierreArlaud I think nothing in the English text actually specifies the gender of the friend… – Neil Roberts Sep 27 '16 at 19:29
  • @NeilRoberts true but better safe than sorry :) – Pierre Arlaud Sep 28 '16 at 7:19
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It means "What's up?", "What's happening?". Translated literally, it means "what is there?": "il y a" means "there is" and you turn it into a question. In this context, the friend is asking what the other called about, stating that he just left work (explaining why he couldn't answer the phone).

Note that the meaning can change a little depending on the context. For example if you see someone looking upset and you ask "Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?", you're asking if there is something making them upset (so it would be closer to "What's wrong?").

It's not rude, but I think it's a little bit informal. If you were to message back your CEO after you had missed her call, you probably wouldn't start your message with "Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?" but rather something a bit more formal and explicit about what you're asking ("Pourquoi m'avez vous appelé ?" or something like that).

  • "What is it?" would be another good English translation. And like the English phrase, the French phrase is relatively neutral on its own but can convey many different emotions depending on context. – Michael Seifert Sep 27 '16 at 14:36
2

"Qu'est-ce qu'il y a?" is familiar and is used to ask what was the reason of your call. You may also say:

Qu'est-ce qu'il se passe ?
Qu'est-ce que tu voulais / Tu voulais quoi ? (both familiar)

So there are 2 cases :

  1. The person is worried about what happens: do you need his/her help ? Is there an important issue ?
  2. The person doesn't want to be bothered, since (s)he was at work, so (s)he's hopping you had a good reason to disturb him/her.
2

You could translate this with "What's going on?", basically. Depending on the context, the meaning will automatically follow :)

1

The English equivalent would be "What is it?", as in "Why did you call me?".

In a more formal context, you would use "Qu'y a-t-il ?". The two phrases are based on "il y a", which means "there is" ;)

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