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"I'm going to Paris by bus/car/train/plane/boat"

Is it possible to use both "en" and "par" in the translation?

Je vais aller à Paris en bus/voiture/train/avion/bateau.

or

Je vais aller à Paris par le bus/la voiture/le train/l'avion/le bateau.

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    Note that while en is right with the modes of transport you cite, à should be used with feet, horse, motorcycle, bicycle, ski, (à pied, à cheval, à moto, à vélo, à ski) but not with skate, surf, rollers (en planche à roulette/en skate, en surf, en patins à roulette/en rollers,…) A lot of people wrongly say en vélo though. – jlliagre Oct 23 '16 at 8:22
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Both are acceptable:

  • The first is more standard, more frequent and shorter.
  • The second would be used to emphasize the transportation mode, typically when making a comparison. Sometimes, the article is omitted ("par train").

According to the respective websites, you travel to Evian par train, but you travel to Paris en train. I would say that the second sounds more proper.

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