A few weeks ago, I went to a bakery and I asked the baker for a bread. He said 'il n'y en a plus'. I didn't really understand the sentence, but it was clear that he didn't have one. It's really confusing to use 'y' and 'en' in one sentence. What does it mean?

  • Both are pronouns. "en" is for "de" + whatever the object is (in this case bread), not to be confused with "en" the preposition as in "en France". "y" usually means "there" and here is part of the expression "Il y a", as guillaume notes below. – Luke Sawczak Mar 5 '17 at 20:11

"There is":

Il y a

Negation ("there is not"):

Il n'y a pas

"There is not anymore":

Il n'y a plus

"There is no bread anymore":

Il n'y a plus de pain

You can replace "de pain" with the pronoun "en":

Il n'y en a plus

Translation: "There is none anymore" or "There is no more."

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