Hello fellow members of French StackExchange, I am a beginner DELF A2 French learner and am having trouble with qui, qu' and que. I do understand the basic concept but am having trouble putting them into use into a real sentence.

For example, here is one of the questions I am doing.

Quel est l'appareil technologique le moins utile ____ tu as acheté? (qui, qu' or que goes into the blank)

For this question I am 100% sure that is is not qu' because qu' is the same as que but for a word beginning with a vowel. However, I am not sure about the other two.

Thanks, Henry


1 Answer 1


Que and qui are pronouns that replace someone or something (like "that" in this very sentence):

  • Que is for something, and also for someone when it replaces the object of the relative clause.
  • Qui is for someone when this someone is the subject of the relative clause.

In your case, 2 possible approaches:

  1. You ask yourself what the blank word replaces in the sentence. What did you buy? A device. Something. Hence: que, with no doubt.
  2. You ask yourself what's the grammatical type of the object represented by the pronoun: here, it's an "object" (You bought XXX). So, again, no question: even if the object would have been a person, the answer is que.

As the pronoun replaces a thing + the grammatical type is "object", there are here two reasons for the answer to be que.

As a side note: about "que tu as acheté" in your sentence. I'm not 100% sure this is totally incorrect, but I'm pretty sure a better mode is "que tu aies acheté" (i.e. use the subjunctive). You may check a long debate on this here.


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.