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For my French studies, I must translate this sentence into French, but I am struggling with understanding pronoun placement.

Context: 'He sent the book to David at high school.' = 'Il a envoyé le livre à David au lycée.'

Sentence: 'He already sent it to him there.' = ???

What I've come up with: 'Il déjà le lui y a envoyé.'

Is that anywhere near correct? Can you give me an example of how you would form this sentence, and how you would form it if it were a negative? E.g. 'He hasn't already sent it to him there.'

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You are close. In that kind of sentences, the adverb déjà is normally located between the verb and the past participle so the correct form (if any) is:

Il le lui y a déjà envoyé.

That's a lot of pronouns though, so you would hear instead:

Il le lui a déjà envoyé.

or simply:

Il lui a déjà envoyé.

If there need to be specified, là-bas might be used instead of y:

Il le lui a déjà envoyé là-bas.

or

Il lui a déjà envoyé là-bas.

Negative is built using ne pas with ne immediately following the subject and pas after the verb, e.g.:

Il ne lui a pas déjà envoyé.

  • I think it's : "Il l'a déjà envoyé". – Chris Mar 5 '18 at 14:29
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    @Chris That would remove some pieces of information. – jlliagre Mar 5 '18 at 15:11
  • Thank you so much for your help! It's definitely more of a hypothetical statement for study purposes rather than a practical one! – Pandaware13 Mar 5 '18 at 16:46
  • Yes right. Then the good one is « Il le lui a déjà envoyé ». « Il le lui y a déjà envoyé » sounds wrong when I read it. – Chris Mar 6 '18 at 15:52
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Il le lui y a déjà envoyé.

And for the negative form, déjà become encore.

Il ne le lui y a pas encore envoyé.

Good reference for pronoun order.

But i think both sentence are just for academic purpose. It's not really easy to understand sentence like that.

  • Thank you so much for your help! And thank you for the reference, I'll definitely use it. Yeah, this is definitely more of a hypothetical statement for study purposes rather than a practical one. It was tricky for me to wrap my head around so many pronoms! – Pandaware13 Mar 5 '18 at 16:46

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