1

Pourquoi le phénomène d'élision se rencontre, p. ex., dans « j'espère » et pas dans « tu espères » ? Quelle est la différence ?

Quand l'élision est-elle nécessaire ?


Why is the phenomenon of elision encountered for instance in "j'espère" and not in "tu espères"? What is the difference ?

When is elision necessary?

3

Elision is not used formally for "tu"; it's simply a matter of usage; in the spoken language it is acceptable and rendered by "t'espères" in print; however it can be considered as quite lax by many.

Elision is necessary for "je" when the verb that follows starts by a vowel; when the verb starts with "h", usage varies.

Je happe, j'honore, je hasarde, (très rare) j'hasarde

In fact, the difference is a matter of whether "h" is one or the other of the so-called "h-muet" and "h-aspiré". See for instance the link below;

https://www.francaisfacile.com/exercices/exercice-francais-2/exercice-francais-61194.php

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.