Wiktionary contains many IPA transcriptions, like, say /œf/ in the page for oeuf

I am just wondering how reliable that is. Is there a better source? Is there a standard reference?

I find that sometimes the IPA transcription clearly disagrees with what I hear on, say https://www.forvo.com/

(I already found the related question Lack of phonetic transcriptions in French & Audio Dictionaries with Prononciations, but I mean to ask about reliability. Is wiktionary reliable? Are there better online resources?)

  • 1
    I’ve found TLFi to be the most reliable, but it should be taken with a grain of salt. Some of the official pronunciations diverge slightly from those commonly used, and I’ve also found obvious typos before.
    – Maroon
    Apr 18, 2020 at 3:03
  • I haven't found a source that shows the different possible pronunciations of some words such as "déjeuner", "restaurant", and "propos" , unlike the different pronunciations of English words you see in some dictionaries such as the Cambridge one. AFAIK the standard reference is the Parisian accent. Apr 18, 2020 at 17:11
  • It's worth mentioning that some variation is normal, like consonants that are normally silent being pronounced (e.g. «fait» /fɛt/ in some contexts), different vowels across dialects (e.g. «pâte» /pat, pɑt/), and loanwords being pronounced more or less like the source word (e.g. «hamburger» [ɑ̃.bœʁ.gœʁ, am.bɚ.gɚ]).
    – wjandrea
    Mar 31 at 22:50

3 Answers 3


I think that the French Wiktionary is a good source of IPA transcriptions.

For many words it has a prononciation section which gives the IPA transcriptions across different french dialects (e.g. the word prononciation), besides the corresponding audio file that allows you to hear that pronunciation.

A side remark which is probably relevant for whoever is interested in the French IPA, is this page of the Wiktionnaire on French pronunciation. One interesting piece of information you can read there (followed by some informative tables):

Le français possède un alphabet de 26 lettres (plus 13 voyelles accentuées, 1 consonne à cédille et 2 ligatures), un peu moins de 40 sons (ou phonèmes) et... environ 700 manières de les écrire (ou graphèmes).

Let me conclude with another side remark. Whenever you find that some IPA transcriptions in the Wiktionnaire do not correspond to what you find on other sources, you are encouraged to click on the corresponding discussion page and point it out: enter image description here

Even if the Wiktionnaire is not yet perfect, it constantly improves thanks to this kind of feedback (so this remark, seemingly off-topic, contributes to providing the best source for IPA transcriptions!).

  • Another page to look at is Aide:Prononciation écrite, which explains what the brackets mean (/ /, [ ], \ \ ), among other things.
    – wjandrea
    Mar 31 at 22:30
  • «prononciation» doesn't really vary that much. For me, one of the best pages to show off dialect variation is pâte. It's got standard, /ɑ/ distinction, Français méridional, Belgique, Suisse, and two Canadian pronunciations.
    – wjandrea
    Mar 31 at 22:39

It depends on what your purpose for using the transcriptions is. I don't know of a source that systematically lists narrow phonetic transcriptions for French words, so with any source I know of, there are going to be some things that you can notice from audio that aren't transcribed because they aren't phonemic (e.g. you might hear some speakers devoice the end of the final vowel in ami, pronouncing it something like [amiç], but I don't know of any source that lists that as a possible pronunciation rather than just giving the phonemic transcription /ami/).

The English Wiktionary (the one with definitions in English, which you linked to) is not my first source for French pronunciations. As Maroon mentioned, the TLFi has pronunciation information and is freely available online at the CNRTL website (example: https://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/bien). The TLFi entries have a pronunciation section at the bottom with IPA, and the CNRTL also has a "Morphologie" tab that gives pronunciations from ATILF (Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française) in a transcription similar to IPA (I think it's SAMPA or a variant?).

The pronunciations shown on the CNRTL do tend to be conservative, so if you're dealing with a word where you suspect the typical pronunciation has changed in recent years, they might not meet your needs very well. But I tend to go with them unless I have a particular reason not to. As Maroon mentioned, sometimes there are apparent errors or unusual pronunciations; for example, I am doubtful of the entry for grosses, which says it is pronounced /grɔs(ə)/ in contrast to the singular grosse /gros(ə)/. That entry also is an example of how the CNRTL transcribes schwa in many places where it would not be pronounced in normal speech in a typical Parisian accent.

One thing to keep in mind is that it's not that rare for English Wiktionary entries to have pronunciations that are automatically generated from the spelling of a word. That works most of the time because French words tend to follow spelling-to-sound rules, and editors are supposed to manually enter pronunciations for exceptional words. However, sometimes the creator of an entry forgets to do that or doesn't know about the irregular pronunciation, so this means that Wiktionary sometimes is missing unpredictable information about the pronunciations of words with rare spelling patterns, or with phonemes that tend not to be distinguished in a straightforward manner by the French spelling system (e.g. /e/ and /ɛ/, or /œ/ and /ø/).

I don't have experience using the French Wiktionary, so I can't comment on it as a resource.

  • I was assuming in my answer that the question was already referring to the French Wiktionary. I realized my wrong assumption by reading your answer and I slightly revised mine accordingly. Apr 25, 2020 at 14:48
  • 1
    It's also worth noting that phonemes can vary, like how /a/ and /ɑ/ have merged in most dialects in France to become /a/ [~ä].
    – wjandrea
    Mar 31 at 22:51

Another good site for IPA transcription is Unalengua. It also has transcriptions for the other major Romance languages, German, Russian, and Polish, and unlike Wiktionary, you can transcribe whole sentences at a time.

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