Its around a week or so since i started learning french , so I’m really noob (sorry for that)

And I’m using Duolingo Here is a really basic question If we want to say she or he is a student, Why do we say “Elle est étudiante” instead of saying “Elle est une etudiante”

Cause I tried it and the app considered it as a mistake

Is there any more words like this ? And how we say students in french ? Only by using de before them ?



1 Answer 1


This is just of matter of idiomaticity.

For qualities, fonctions and professions, the zero article form is used when you express that it is someone's quality, fonction, etc. (français facile), but only when you use the name or a pronoun.

  • Il est dentiste. Elle est directrice. Jean est aviateur. Il est Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. Il est artiste. Elle est étudiante.

When you use what is called the "présentatif « c'est »" you must use the article.

  • C'est un dentiste. C'est une directrice. C'est un aviateur. C'est un Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur. C'est un artiste. C'est une étudiante.

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