Does somebody know how to translate monogenic system in French?

In classical mechanics, a monogenic system is a system where all forces, with the exception of the constraint forces, are derivable from the generalized scalar potential, and this generalized scalar potential is a function of generalized coordinates, generalized velocities, or time.

I haven't found any classical mechanics book in French mentioning monogenic systems... quite strange...

  • Salut Christophe, have you found the word in a dictionary or other general reference source? What did it give? This will help us figure out where you're having trouble. Here's the help center, et bienvenue.
    – livresque
    May 9, 2023 at 19:57
  • Hello! It's not yet clear what could be the translation. But at least we've found some hints.
    – Christophe
    May 10, 2023 at 11:37

1 Answer 1


In engineering classes, I heard about "système monogénique". However, I am not sure if that is correct or not ... Very often some professors would translate one to one, either using monogenic systems or the French translation even though it does not exist.

  • 1
    Strange --- the internet seems to apply "monogénique" more to biology.
    – Frank
    May 9, 2023 at 13:03
  • In fact, this is what I read too. But I heard it only once, and I cannot find any other related answer. Therefore, I would suggest keeping the English way of saying it. In French it could turn out to be monogenic systems, basically English vocabulary but using French grammar ... !
    – KrKAlex
    May 9, 2023 at 13:28
  • @Frank It seems logical since according monogénique refers only to genes in French. Whereas it seems that the English monogenic has a broader acceptance. Nevertheless I've found this thesis see p. 81. It does seem to be about mechanics but I haven't done any science studies so I'll leave to whoever understands.
    – None
    May 9, 2023 at 18:42
  • @None The relevant passage from that thesis seems to be: "Dans la terminologie adoptée par Lanczos (1970, p. 30), les forces dérivant d'un potentiel, qu'elles soient conservatives ou non, sont appelées monogéniques ; les forces qui ne dérivent pas d'un potentiel (comme par exemple les forces de frottement), sont dites polygéniques."
    – Frank
    May 9, 2023 at 18:46
  • @Frank J'avais trouvé ça: « Le principe s'étend aussi aux systèmes monogéniques non conservatifs, ainsi qu'à certains systèmes qui ne sont pas à strictement parler monogéniques » mais je redis que je ne comprends pas ! Je peux juste apercevoir qu'il s'agit de physique ou de maths.
    – None
    May 9, 2023 at 18:53

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