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Questions tagged [noms]

Classe de mots servant à désigner les êtres, les choses et les concepts.

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48 views

What are the rules to form nouns from verbs?

I am a French learner in an intermediate stage and I want to know, what are the rules of morphing French verbs into nouns? Especially "intangible nouns", Or is there no pattern and are they irregular? ...
5
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2answers
77 views

Différence entre l'origine des mots terminant en « -aison » et « -ation »

Cf. terminaison, pendaison, raison, saison, comparaison, maison Pour autant que je sache, ces mots sont tous issus d'une transformation de la terminaison latine « -atiō », comme par exemple ratiō > ...
3
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2answers
85 views

Quelle est la signification du mot québécois « vingnenne » ?

Il y a une chanson de Plume Latraverse (chanteur, auteur, compositeur, etc.) dont un mot des paroles est « vingnenne ». Le titre de la chanson c'est La p'tite vingnenne pis l'gros torrieu. Le contexte ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Juxtaposition des noms (substantif plus substantif)

Are there any rules of thumb that dictate the noun+noun construction, that is, without an intervening preposition? E.g. why projet recherche, responsable qualité, débat marathon, la stratégie ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the French word for scientific calculator and what does 'la formule de calcul' mean ?

What is the French word for 'scientific calculator'? Also, what does 'la formule de calcul' mean? https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english-french/calculator
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1answer
36 views

Infinitif vs nom

Y a-t-il des différerces entre La joie de vivre. et La joie de la vie. ? De même La joie d'aimer. et La joie de l'amour.
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1answer
32 views

How does one say olive oil eardrops in French?

How does one say 'olive oil eardrops' in French? I think it is 'les gouttes d'huile d'olive pour les oreilles.' Is that correct? It seems far too long.
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2answers
89 views

“Quelque chose d'aussi gros si près de notre planète”: Does this entire phrase work as a nominal phrase?

We were talking about swarms of meteorites orbiting the Earth, and I said: Quelque chose d'aussi gros si près de notre planète pourrait ... On second thoughts, I'm not sure the entire phrase "(pro)...
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1answer
68 views

What's the adjectif in the phrase “Lui-même, pauvres naїfs!”?

I'm trying to analyze which one is the adjective but I can't find the answer due to my limit understanding of French i think. is it both adjectif? or "pauvres" is the adjectif and "naïfs" is the noun? ...
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1answer
46 views

Noms composés de deux verbes

Un laissez-passer et un laisser-aller. Quelle logique dicte la construction de noms composés de deux verbes ? Par exemple, pourquoi la différence que l'on rencontre ici ? (à savoir 2e personne plus ...
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2answers
106 views

Are there other words like “gratuité” that are nouns in French but not in English?

On the provincial student loans brochures that I am reading, the French version says "Gratuité des frais de scolarité pour les étudiantes et étudiants admissible", and the English version says "Free ...
3
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5answers
411 views

How does one say “it would be my pleasure” in French?

I'm trying to figure out how to say “it would be my pleasure”, is it “ce serait mon plaisir” or “il serait mon plaisir” or is it neither? If so, what is the French equivalent?
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6answers
4k views

How do you say in French “if you don't mind my asking”?

I'm trying to figure out how to say “if you don't mind my asking” in French, not “if you don't mind me asking”. The question that will follow will be formal. I came up with “si cela ne vous dérange ...
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1answer
85 views

How is the indefinite adjective “quelconque” used?

I understand that the idea surrounding quelconque(s) when it is placed after a noun is similar to n'importe quel i.e. the noun "doesn't matter". For example, Choisissez n’importe quel stylo que ...
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1answer
42 views

A question on the changing of “tel” to “si” when the corresponding noun is modified by another adjective

My understanding of tel is that it can act as an indefinite adjective as well as a qualifying adjective*. Example of tel acting as an indefinite adjective: Une telle faiblesse est en fait votre ...
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2answers
111 views

I need help with “Je te remercie pour m'aider.”

Je te remercie pour m'aider. = I thank you for helping me. I don't understand why aider is in the infinitive. Shouldn't it be Je te remercie pour m'aide. ? Thanks.
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2answers
76 views

How do you say the following… (Immersion help)

I'm trying to immerse myself in French. Consequently, I need to know the following nouns so that I can place post-it notes on those objects. I believe this would be helpful to many learners and this ...
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1answer
469 views

What is the meaning of “d'” in “d'accord”?

I understand the meaning of accord in French but I don't understand the presence of d' in the expression “d'accord”. Why does d' appear in “d'accord”?
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2answers
84 views

Is “Risque potentiel” a pleonasm?

I wonder if saying "il y a un risque potentiel à utiliser cette solution" is a pleonasm. As a matter of fact, isn't the very notion of risk describing something that could potentially happen? Thank ...
7
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4answers
264 views

“No-brainer” as a noun in French

There are several ways of translating into French the idea conveyed by “no-brainer”, as in: It seems like a no-brainer to improve standards. Améliorer les standards ? Ça va de soi or ...
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3answers
599 views

word gender - why male or female?

I find it totally non-intuitive that each noun has its own gender in French, and other European languages. No one French I query knows why something is designated either male or female, and I often ...
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2answers
111 views

Are nouns derived from verbs (e.g. devoir) always masculine?

I assume that le devoir is derived from the verb devoir, as opposed to the other way around. Are there many other nouns derived from verbs, such that the noun is identical to the verb? Are these nouns ...
6
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1answer
166 views

Usage de « gare » comme une préposition

Lorsqu'un complément de lieu est une gare, on peut des fois l'exprimer de plusieurs manières : Je vais à la gare d'Austerlitz.   (description) Je vais à Gare d'Austerlitz.   (nom propre (de la ...
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1answer
1k views

Un mot pour un anniversaire chaque mois au lieu de chaque année

Existe-t-il une version mensuelle du mot "anniversaire"? "anniversaire" est formé des mots latins "annus" (année) et "versus" (revenir). Comme le mot "mois" vient de "mensis", je me demande s'il ...
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2answers
2k views

How do French people turn nouns into adjectives (of a sort)?

I learn French and I enjoy learning about its intricacies, much like English. I was wondering the other day - how do French people turn nouns into adjectives (when I say adjectives, they're not ...
3
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2answers
810 views

Feminine/plural for “enfant” and “parent”

Quand j'étais enfant, j'aimais ... If the person is female, should we use enfante? Similarly, in Quand nous étions enfant, nous aimions ... should we use enfant(e)s? Enfant is a noun that behaves ...
4
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2answers
249 views

La boîte de conserve

I know that “la boîte de conserve” is translated to “tin can”, however, that seems like a bit of a mouthful, so according to my dictionary it get's shortened to “la boîte de qqc” to refer to a “tin of ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Quel est le substantif associé à l'adjectif « désabusé » ?

Je cherche le nom commun décrivant le fait d'être désabusé. Le nom pour le verbe abuser est abus, mais peut-on parler de désabus ? Un synonyme est blasé, mais je cherche vraiment celui-là.
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0answers
37 views

Rules for using à, de as “linking” prepositions between two nouns? [duplicate]

I'd like to have a better understanding of the rules for linking two nouns together with à or de. For example: l'homme aux yeux bleus la femme au parapluie une tasse de café une chemise à ...
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0answers
60 views

What is an appropriate translation for “Gentlemen Weavers”? [closed]

I've come up with: Messieurs Tisseurs or Messieurs Tisserand. Suggestions? Thanks.
2
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1answer
56 views

What is the syntactic structure of “Béatrix enfant”

The question is on the highlighted bit in this passage from La Porte étroite by André Gide. Je ne puis décrire un visage ; les traits m’échappent, et jusqu’à la couleur des yeux ; je ne revois que ...
2
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3answers
410 views

Why is “une information” correct in French, but not its English equivalent?

In English, information is uncountable, so an information is incorrect, but I often see the French equivalent une information (as in donner une information). Why is this correct? Should I prefer the ...
3
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3answers
598 views

The present infinitive as a noun

The present infinitive forms of some verbs are listed as a noun in dictionaries. For example, être and repentir are masculine nouns. See here and here. Questions Can you use the present infinitive ...
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2answers
294 views

Dans quel(s) cas choisir le nom masculin « allié » ou féminin « alliée » ?

Bonjour. Je suis prise d'un énorme doute sur le choix du mot « allié » en tant que nom au masculin ou au féminin dans l'accroche qui suit: Faites de l'information votre allié stratégique Le mot « ...
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1answer
39 views

How to say “protective cover”?

Salut, I'm trying to say "Cover joints must be cleaned before replacing cover". However, I don't know the word for "cover"; I've tried looking up the word on wordreference and several forums but none ...
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4answers
169 views

Interpretation de « connaissance de base réseau »

J'ai un problème d’interprétation pour l'expression suivante (et plus généralement des constructions similaires). Connaissance de base réseau Est-ce que je dois interpréter la phrase comme: « ...
3
votes
2answers
870 views

How exactly do you say “a wireless computer mouse” in French?

Is une souris d'ordinateur sans fil how you would say it? les souris d'ordinateur sans fil would be the plural form? I know that many of you would probably say that une souris sans fil is already ...
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0answers
36 views

Are the adjectives always placed behind nouns? [duplicate]

I am a ground beginner. So, sorry for any misunderstanding. I have come across the sentence: "Elle a une robe rouge" So, is it always that adjectives are placed behind nouns, or are there special ...
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4answers
301 views

Using “de” vs an adjective

It seems that in French there are a few ways to provide extra attributes to a noun. With de, e.g. salle de bains With an adjective, e.g. chapeau rouge Is there some rule outside of common ...
6
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1answer
10k views

How to construct noun forms of verbs?

In English a noun form of the doer of a verb is usually formed by '-er' sound, e.g. run - runner, teach - teacher, sell - seller. Then the noun form of the action of the verb is usually the '-ing' ...
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2answers
156 views

Gender of the noun form of “locale”?

What is the gender of the (rare) noun form of "locale" in French, meaning "place or locality, especially with reference to events or circumstances connected with it"? I'm aware that this is much more ...
4
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1answer
459 views

Grammatical analysis of “les pronoms personnels sujets”

Consider the following sentence fragment: les pronoms personnels sujets I'm a beginning French student. So, my question is probably going to sound very simple to you. It's actually about super ...
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2answers
220 views

Correct diminutive of “génie”?

I am wondering what the correct diminutive of the word “génie” would be in French. Wikipedia lists several rules for forming the diminutive in French, but as “génie” is a masculine noun, the rules ...
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4answers
567 views

Un nom pour parler du caractère borné d'un objet : “bornitude” ?

En mathématiques, on a souvent besoin de dire que quelque chose est "borné" (au sens que la chose a des bornes, des délimitations). On a en fait même souvent besoin d'un nom qui correspondrait à l'...
2
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2answers
227 views

Do we have to say “une monster” or “un monster” while talking about the energy drink?

I am searching for the grammatical gender of the brand "Monster Energy" when we are talking in French. Is it "un monster" or "une monster"?
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2answers
144 views

Université des finances près le gouvernement russe

Il semble que l'Université des finances du gouvernement russe ait choisi pour nom français (un exemple ici) : Université des finances près le gouvernement russe Cette aberration grammaticale me ...
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3answers
159 views

Un nom général pour désigner une structure juridique

Entreprise, association, organisation, boutique, entité commerciale ou administrative à but lucratif ou pas… etc. Je cherche un nom court et générique qui peut remplacer toutes ces formes d'...
3
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1answer
185 views

Why is “dont la plupart est…” wrong?

When I gave my French speaking grandmother this sentence - À Stratford, il y a beaucoup de restaurants, dont la plupart est delicieux. Intending to say: In Stratford, there are lots of ...
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2answers
2k views

Est-ce qu'un pronom ou un verbe peuvent être noyau du groupe nominal?

Je rencontre des définitions différentes du noyau du groupe de nom. Dans certaines sources on dit que le noyau doit être absolument un nom, dans d'autres on dit qu'un pronom peut l'être, dans les ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Attaching “gauche” (or “droite”) to a noun

I'm trying to translate the following English mathematical sentence into French. ''Let G be a locally compact group, where u is the left Haar measure on G.'' For the first part, it has already been ...