16

There is no general rule to determine the gender of a noun based on its spelling, however, many endings are either deterministic or at least strong clues to know the gender. Here are some statistics based on a list of French words extracted from the Lexique 3.80 database which contains words built from 64.7 millions words found in 218 books from 1950 to ...


10

I think the most useful rule of thumbs is that words ending with -e or -tion are usually feminine, others are usually masculine. I don't know if someone can come with precise figures, but I would say this holds for more than 80% of all words. A lengthy but more refined version.


8

The words ending with the sound "o" ("-eau") are generally masculine. Exemple: un château.


6

The following paper posits a different set of rules which (when tested on their corpus) proved to be much more accurate than the "careful" principle: Our proposal, then, is the following. In conjunction with a pedagogical norm which requires students at elementary levels of the study of French to produce only obligatory liaisons, we suggest that students ...


5

I good rule of thumb that I've learned in my college french class is that you use connaître as connaître + [article + noun]/proper name Je connais John. Je connais la physique. Je connais la chose dont tu parles. while savoir is used if what follows is an infinitive, conjunction, or question word. Je sais conduire. Je sais que tu es fatigué. ...


5

Même si la lecture en est assez technique, et non traduite je le crains (c'est une tâche qui dépasse de loin mes talents de traducteur !), on peut se référer à l'Encyclopédie philosophique universelle (Les Notions Philosophiques - tome 1, Sylvain Auroux, 1998, PUF) pour distinguer connaître et savoir : Le terme français connaissance, qui remonte au ...


5

The comparison with German is not going to be very helpful, in general. Here are rules of thumb for French: All reflexive and reciprocal verbs are conjugated with être Most of the rest of the verbs are conjugated with avoir Except for a short list of verbs, which, when used intransitively, are conjugated with être The rule of thumb for the short list is ...


4

Yes; rules exist, but they predict gender mostly with at least 80% (but not 100%) accuracy. See Predictability in French gender attribution: A corpus analysis by Roy Lyster: http://personnel.mcgill.ca/files/roy.lyster/Lyster2006_JFLS.pdf I quote from the last paragraph (from p 22 of the PDF of 24 pages above) which answers your question more optimistically:...


4

Même pour un francophone, le genre d'un mot n'est pas toujours évident, et de nombreux jeux de société ont des questions sur le genre des mots, surtout s'ils sont faiblement usités… Pour mémoriser, j'accole systématiquement un adjectif (dont on peut reconnaître le genre à l'oreille) qui complète la signification, quitte à faire un pléonasme pour en ...


4

The rule of thumb that would apply here is that prepositions go with lui, never le. Pour is a preposition, so it's pour lui. Examples of lui used with other prepositions: de lui, avec lui, sans lui, vers lui (approximately "of him, with him, without him, towards him"). In contrast, le in Je vais le voir is not used with a preposition. The form lui has other ...


4

The words that are translated as "him" in your two examples do not have the same function. In Je vais le voir, le stands in for a third-person singular masculine direct object. Generally speaking, the direct object is not prefixed with a preposition, when a verb is applied to it. Thus, these are acceptable substitutions: Je vois la poule. ➔ Je la vois. (La ...


3

There's really no way to avoid grammar when answering this question. Le is "him" as a direct object, which means that "him" is the person being affected directly by the verb: I see him (Je le vois), I know him (Je le connais), I hate him (Je le déteste). Lui is "him" as an indirect object, meaning that "him" is not the direct object of the verb, but rather ...


3

Savoir vs Connaître Both mean "to know" but Connaître is used basically for specific place or a person.


2

Une astuce consiste à rattacher savoir à l'objectivité et, connaître à la subjectivité. Ligne générale : on sait des choses avec le mental ; on connaît par les sens et l'expérience. On sait calculer, on connaît la science des mathématiques. On sait que La Tour Eiffel existe, on la connaît après l'avoir visité, Deux expressions familières : « On ...


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