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Éteindre exists in a reflexive and a none-reflexive form: J’éteins la lumière: I switch the light off. Passé composé: J’ai éteint la lumière. J’appuie sur le bouton: la lumière s’éteint: I press the button, the light goes off. Passé composé: J’ai appuyé sur le bouton: la lumière s’est éteinte. So the form to use with the passé composé dépends on what you ...


All reflexive verbs use être in passé composé. So in the case of éteindre, if you put the light out, you'd say: Tu a éteint la lumière. But when the same sentence is reconstructed reflexively, use être instead of avoir: La lumière s'est éteinte (note also the gender being marked). This is a nice summary of when to use avoir vs être and covers the ...


Yes, agreement is necessary, but according to the rules, which means that the place of the object determines whether aggreement is made or not. Quelle route a-t-elle prise ? but Elle a pris quelle route ? Quelle voiture a-t-il choisie ? but Il a choisi quelle voiture ? Quelles cérémonies a-t-il vues ? but Il a vu quelles cérémonies ? You must write "Quels ...


The simple answer that would have sufficed regarding the meaning of "en train de" is "in the process of" That is my two cents bit/explanation Students seldom understand the difference between verbs of perception ...seeing..smelling..touching...and stative verbs.

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